The Ninth of Av (July 25, 2015)

(Featured picture- 2nd Temple destroyed)

The 9th of Av, Tisha B’Av, day of mourning, these are titles given to the historically tragic day in Jewish history.

Historical Significance of Av 9

Hebrew Year Common Year Event
2448 (1312) Spies return from 40 days in Israel with evil reports of the Land of Israel. Jewish people cry in despair, give up hope of entering the Land of Israel.
3340 (421) Destruction of First Temple by the Babylonians, under Nebuchadnezar. About 100,000 Jews killed during invasion. Exile of remaining tribes in southern kingdom to Babylon and Persia.
3830 70 Destruction of Second Temple by Romans, under Titus. Over 2,500,000 Jews die as a result of war, famine and disease. Over 1,000,000 Jews exiled to all parts of the Roman Empire. Over 100,000 Jews sold as slaves by Romans. Jews killed and tortured in gladiatorial “games” and pagan celebrations.
3892 132 Bar Kochba revolt crushed. Betar destroyed – over 100,00 killed.
3893 133 Turnus Rufus ploughs site of Temple. Romans build pagan city of Aelia Capitolina on site of Jerusalem.
4855 1095 First Crusade declared by Pope Urban II. 10,000 Jews killed in first month of Crusade. Crusades bring death and destruction to thousands of Jews, totally obliterate many communities in Rhineland and France.
5050 1290 Expulsion of Jews from England, accompanied by pogroms and confiscation of books and property.
5252 1492 Inquisition in Spain and Portugal culminates in the expulsion of the Jews from the Iberian Peninsula. Families separated, many die by drowning, massive loss of property.
5674 1914 Britain and Russia declare war on Germany. First World War begins. First World War issues unresolved, ultimately causing Second World War and Holocaust. 75% of all Jews in war zones. Jews in armies of all sides – 120,000 Jewish casualties in armies. Over 400 pogroms immediately following war in Hungary, Ukraine, Poland and Russia.
5702 1942 Deportations from Warsaw Ghetto to the Treblinka concentration camp begin.
5749 1989 Iraq walks out of talks with Kuwait.
5754 1994 The deadly bombing the building of the AMIA (the Jewish community center in Buenos Aires, Argentina) which killed 86 people and wounded some 300 others.

Moses and the Messengers from Canaan:

Giovanni Lanfranco (Italian, 1582 – 1647)

Destruction of 1st Temple:

Solomon’s Temple, destroyed Av 9 587 BCE

Destruction of 2nd Temple:

Herod’s Temple- destroyed Av 9 70CE

Bar Kokhba Revolt:

Bar Kokhba Revolt- Jewish and Roman Wars

Aelia Capitolina:

Roman city built over Jerusalem

Edict of Expulsion (from England):

Edict of Expulsion, King Edward 1 in 1290

Spanish Inquisition 1492:

Francisco de Goya; The Spanish Inquisition was established in 1478 to keep Catholic orthodoxy. The first auto da fé took place in Seville in 1481, when six conversos (Jews forcibly converted to Christianity) were burnt at the stake.

Declaration of WWI:

World War 1 begins

Deportation of Jews from Warsaw:

Suppression of Warsaw Ghetto Uprising – Captured Jews are led by German Waffen SS soldiers to the assembly point for deportation.

So is Av 9 an important day in Jewish history?  Based on the facts it is a terrible day, historically speaking.  Moving forward, I believe it to be a day to be observed and noted as to what happens to Israel on the world scale.




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